Elementary And Secondary Education
Public schools in Arizona are separated into about 220 local school districts which operate independently, but are governed in most cases by elected county school superintendents these are in turn overseen by the Arizona State Board of Education and the . A state . In 2005, a School District Redistricting Commission was established with the goal of combining and consolidating many of these districts.
Arizona is served by three public universities: The , , and . These schools are governed by the .
Private higher education in Arizona is dominated by a large number of for-profit and “chain” universities.
and are Arizona’s only non-profit four-year private colleges.
Arizona has a wide network of two-year vocational schools and . These colleges were governed historically by a separate statewide board of directors but, in 2002, the state legislature transferred almost all oversight authority to individual community college districts. The Maricopa County Community College District includes 11 community colleges throughout Maricopa County and is one of the largest in the nation.
Literature Philosophy And Visual Art
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe, contributing to . Writers such as , , , and established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century. and poet were major figures in the century’s second half , virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet. A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and charactersuch as ‘s , Twain’s , ‘s and ‘s may be dubbed the “.”
In the visual arts, the was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European . The 1913 in New York City, an exhibition of European , shocked the public and transformed the U.S. art scene., , and others experimented with new, individualistic styles. Major artistic movements such as the of and and the of and developed largely in the United States. The tide of modernism and then has brought fame to American architects such as , , and . Americans have long been important in the modern artistic medium of , with major photographers including , , , and .
Law Enforcement And Crime
is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and ‘s offices, with providing broader services. such as the and the have specialized duties, including protecting , and enforcing ‘ rulings and federal laws. According to the , and , former police chief, appearing on , there are about 18,000 U.S. police agencies in the United States. That number includes departments, county sheriff’s offices, state police/ and federal law enforcement agencies. State courts conduct most criminal trials while handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts.
A cross-sectional analysis of the Mortality Database from 2010 showed that United States homicide rates “were 7.0 times higher than in other high-income countries, driven by a gun homicide rate that was 25.2 times higher.” In 2016, the U.S. murder rate was 5.4 per 100,000.
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National Parks Monuments And Historic Landmarks
New York State is well represented in the with 22 , which received 16,349,381 visitors in 2011. In addition, there are four , 27 , 262 , and 5,379 listings on the . Some major areas, landmarks, and monuments are listed below.
- The includes and the . The statue, designed by and formally named Liberty Enlightening the World, was a gift from to the United States to mark the Centennial of the it was dedicated in New York Harbor on October 28, 1886. It has since become an icon of the United States and the concepts of democracy and freedom.
- The in is the only national monument dedicated to Americans of African ancestry. It preserves a site containing the remains of more than 400 buried during the late 17th and 18th centuries in a portion of what was the largest colonial-era cemetery for people of African descent, both free and enslaved, with an estimated tens of thousands of remains interred. The site’s excavation and study were called “the most important historic urban archeological project in the United States”.
Cities and towns
According to statistics, the state is a leading recipient of migrants from around the globe. In 2008 New York had the second-largest international immigrant population in the country among U.S. states, at 4.2 million most reside in and around New York City, due to its size, high profile, vibrant economy, and culture. New York has a pro- law.
What Are Teds Hot Dogs Made Of
Founded on March 24, 1927 by Greek immigrant Theodore Spiro Liaros, Teds Hot Dogs is a Western New York tradition based primarily upon their charcoal broiled hot dogs, as well as their homemade secret hot sauce, old-fashioned milk shakes, and handmade onion rings.Teds Hot Dogs. Products Hot Dogs Website tedshotdogs.com.
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Steel Challenges And The Modern Era
At the start of the 20th century, Buffalo was the world’s leading grain port and a national flour-milling hub. Local mills were among the first to benefit from generated by the Niagara River. Buffalo hosted the 1901 after the , showcasing the nation’s advances in art, architecture, and electricity. Its centerpiece was the Electric Tower, with over two million light bulbs, but some exhibits were and racially charged. At the exposition, President was by . When McKinley died, was sworn in at the in Buffalo.
Attorney and local industrialists and convinced the to relocate from to the town of in 1904. Employment was competitive, with many Eastern Europeans and Scrantonians vying for jobs. From the late 19th century to the 1920s, led to distant ownership of local companies this had a negative effect on the city’s economy. Examples include the acquisition of Lackawanna Steel by and, later, the relocation of in the 1940s. The saw severe unemployment, especially among the working class. relief programs operated in full force, and the city became a stronghold of labor unions and the .
During , Buffalo regained its manufacturing strength as military contracts enabled the city to manufacture steel, chemicals, aircraft, trucks, and ammunition. The , Buffalo’s economy relied almost entirely on manufacturing eighty percent of area jobs were in the sector. The city also had over a dozen railway terminals, as railroads remained a significant industry.
World War I Great Depression And World War Ii
The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of in 1914 until 1917 when it joined the war as an “associated power” alongside the , helping to turn the tide against the . In 1919, President took a leading diplomatic role at the and advocated strongly for the U.S. to join the . However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the that established the League of Nations.
In 1920, the women’s rights movement won passage of a granting . The 1920s and 1930s saw the rise of for and the invention of early . The prosperity of the ended with the and the onset of the . After his election as president in 1932, responded with the . The of millions of African Americans out of the American South began before World War I and extended through the 1960s whereas the of the mid-1930s impoverished many farming communities and spurred a new wave of western migration.
The United States played a leading role in the and conferences, which signed agreements on new international financial institutions and Europe’s postwar reorganization. As an , a 1945 held in produced the , which became active after the war. The United States and Japan then fought each other in the largest naval battle in history, the . The United States developed the and used them on Japan in August 1945 the Japanese on September 2, ending World War II.
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Erie Canal Grain And Commerce
The village of Buffalo was named for . British military engineer referred to “Buffalo Creek” in his 1764 journal, the earliest recorded appearance of the name. A road to from Buffalo was built in 1802 for migrants traveling to the in Ohio. Before an east-west turnpike across the state was completed, traveling from Albany to Buffalo would take a week a trip from nearby to Batavia could take over three days.
British forces and the northwestern village of in 1813. The battle and subsequent fire was in response to the destruction of by American forces and other skirmishes during the . Rebuilding was swift, completed in 1815. As a remote outpost, village residents hoped that the proposed would bring prosperity to the area. To accomplish this, Buffalo’s harbor was expanded with the help of it was selected as the canal’s terminus over the rival Black Rock. It opened in 1825, ushering in commerce, manufacturing and . By the following year, the 130-square-mile Buffalo Creek Reservation was transferred to Buffalo. Buffalo was incorporated as a city in 1832. During the 1830s, businessman significantly expanded its business district. The city doubled in size from 1845 to 1855. Almost two-thirds of the city’s population was foreign-born, largely a mix of unskilled and .
Mississippi Mudds& old Man River 313 & 375 Niagara Street Tonawanda
If you drive down Niagara St. in Tonawanda along the river, its impossible to miss the one-two punch of Mississippi Mudds and Old Man River. Owned by the same company for well over 25 years, these two seasonal hot dog stands are stand alone restaurants about a block apart from each other. Its almost impossible to talk about one without mentioning the other, not to mention Northtowners get into arguments over which one is better. The Chicago-style hot dog at Old Man River has all the proper toppings and their seafood shack offers deep fried shrimp, lobster tails, clams and even steak and BBQ options. Dont miss out on the sweet potato fries, either. They are some of the best in the region. Mississippi Mudds has a very similar menu of hot dogs and hamburgers in addition to chicken sandwiches, Italian sausage and beef on weck, but you can dine on their roof and enjoy the scenery of the Niagara River and a lovely breeze. They also have a great ice cream menu to top off the night with. You really cant go wrong either way. Our regular trip involves grabbing a hot dog and fries at Old Man River and finishing the day with ice cream in a waffle cone on the roof of Mississippi Mudds.
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Frank Gourmet Hot Dogs 707 Kenmore Avenue Tonawanda
Frank is maybe the fanciest hot dog on our crawl, but their hot dogs can stand up next to any of the classics. Run by brothers Frank and Paul Tripi, they hit the streets as a food truck in January 2013 and have built a dedicated fan base that stand in line no matter how long. Franks menu has evolved to showcase artisanal hot dogs and additional house made toppings. The current menu features chili dogs, kraut-covered dogs, all beef dogs, Banh Mi dogs and homemade vegetarian dogs. The toppings also continued to get better and more adventurous. Youll find dogs topped with tomato jam, pickled veggies, blueberry BBQ sauce, sweet potato chili, and Tijuana cream sauce. Dont sleep on their burgers and freshly cut fries either, they are some of the best in the area and severed with delicious house made dipping sauces.
Wiener’s Circle Chicago Style Hot Dog
Provided by Food Network
|1 all-beef, natural casing, Vienna hot dog, char-broiled to perfection|
|1 poppy seed bun, well steamed|
|1 heaping teaspoon mustard|
|Fresh chopped, steaming hot, grilled onions|
|2 large pickle wedges|
|4 slices red-ripe plum tomatoes|
|A dash celery salt|
|Hot sport peppers, optional|
- Place char-broiled hot dog in bun. Top with mustard, relish, onions, pickles, and tomatoes. Finish it off with a dash of celery salt. Hot sport peppers are optional.
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Civil War And Reconstruction Era
Irreconcilable sectional conflict regarding of and ultimately led to the . With the of , conventions in thirteen slave states declared secession and formed the , while the federal government ” rel=”nofollow”> Union”) maintained that secession was illegal. In order to bring about this secession, military action was initiated by the secessionists, and the Union responded in kind. The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately 618,000 soldiers as well as many civilians. The Union initially simply fought to keep the country united. Nevertheless, as casualties mounted after 1863 and Lincoln delivered his , the main purpose of the war from the Union’s viewpoint became the abolition of slavery. Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the , which prohibited slavery except as . Two other amendments were also ratified, ensuring citizenship for blacks and, at least in theory, voting rights for them as well.
Southern white Democrats, calling themselves “”, took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction, beginning the . From 1890 to 1910, the Redeemers established so-called , most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. Blacks would face nationwide, especially in the South. They also occasionally experienced vigilante violence, including .
Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity
Roughly 3.8 percent of the state’s adult population self-identifies as , , , or . This constitutes a total LGBT adult population of 570,388 individuals. In 2010, the number of same-sex couple households stood at roughly 48,932. New York was the fifth state to license , after New Hampshire. , the , said “same-sex marriages in New York City have generated an estimated $259 million in economic impact and $16 million in City revenues” in the first year after enactment of the Marriage Equality Act. were legalized on June 24, 2011, and were authorized to take place beginning thirty days thereafter. New York City is also home to the largest population in the United States, estimated at 25,000 in 2016. The annual traverses southward down in Manhattan, ending at , and rivals the as the largest pride parade in the world, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
Non-Christian religions accounted for 12% of the population. Judaism is the second largest religion as of 2014. In 2010, 588,500 practiced . A little over 392,953 professed Islam. The in New York City was the first Muslim organization in the state. New York is also home to the oldest in the United States. Less than 1% of New York’s population practice and . are also a prominent minority. The irreligious are a growing community in the New York City metropolitan area. Statewide, 17% practice nothing in particular and 5% each are and agnostic.
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Th Century The American Revolution And Statehood
The were organized in during the 1760s, largely in response to the oppressive passed by the in 1765. The met in the city on October 19 of that year, composed of representatives from across the who set the stage for the to follow. The Stamp Act Congress resulted in the , which was the first written expression by representatives of the Americans of many of the rights and complaints later expressed in the . This included the right to . At the same time, given strong commercial, personal and sentimental links to , many New York residents were . The provided the necessary to force a withdrawal from the in 1775.
New York was the only colony , as the delegates were not authorized to do so. New York then endorsed the on July 9, 1776. The was framed by a which assembled at on July 10, 1776, and after repeated adjournments and changes of location, finished its work at on Sunday evening, April 20, 1777, when the drafted by was adopted with but one dissenting vote. It was not submitted to the people for ratification. On July 30, 1777, was inaugurated as the first at Kingston.
Both the Dutch and the British imported African slaves as laborers to the city and colony New York had the second-highest population of slaves after Charleston, South Carolina. Slavery was extensive in New York City and some agricultural areas. The state passed a law for the gradual soon after the Revolutionary War, but the last slave in New York was not freed until 1827.
Public Transportation Amtrak And Intercity Bus
The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are served by public bus transit systems. Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems. serves Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff, Yuma, and several smaller communities statewide.
A system, called , was completed in December 2008 it connects Central Phoenix with the nearby cities of Mesa and Tempe.
In Tucson, the streetcar system travels through the downtown area, connecting the main campus with Mercado San Agustin on the western edge of downtown Tucson. Sun Link, loosely based on the , launched in July 2014.
route serves the northern part of the state, stopping at , , and . The and routes serve South-Central Arizona, stopping at , , and . Phoenix lost Amtrak service in 1996 with the discontinuation of the , and now an Amtrak bus runs between Phoenix and the station in Maricopa. As of 2021, Amtrak has proposed to restore rail service between Phoenix and Tucson.
Airports with regularly scheduled commercial flights include: in Phoenix in Tucson in Mesa in Yuma in Prescott in Flagstaff, and , a small, but busy, single-runway facility providing tourist flights, mostly from Las Vegas. Phoenix Sky Harbor is the world’s seventh busiest airport in terms of aircraft movements and 17th for passenger traffic.
Other significant airports without regularly scheduled commercial flights include in Scottsdale, and home to two flight training academies and the nation’s busiest general aviation airport.
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